The Yogyakarta Principles

The Yogyakarta Principles (YP) (2006) is a detailed manual to enforce the worldwide implementation of ideologies relating to sexual orientation and gender identities that were promulgated by the sexual revolution.

It was founded by human rights experts at an international meeting in Yogyakarta, Indonesia, who came together to address the human rights abuse faces by the LGBTI community. It details a set of precepts to be applied to international human rights law   and is a living document that can be added to and continuously amended; the most recent updates being the YP Plus 10 document published in 2017. It makes recommendations to governments, institutions, civil society and to the United Nations.

Activists are provided with a guide (The Activist’s Guide to YP) that details how to use human rights jargon and legislation to enforce the YP principles on a global scale. It details how by using the YP as an instrument, cultures that have different social and legal standards regarding the LGBTI (lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, intersexual) movement, can be revolutionized. It also provides a toolbox for activists on how to change the values and legal bases of sovereign states.

Activists are encouraged to:


  • Challenge oppressive legal standards
  • Develop new government policy
  • Seek a more responsive government
  • Educate the public
  • Build a movement


The principles demand that all countries worldwide take totalitarian measures to change their constitutions, laws, social institutions and educational systems to ensure the enforcement and legal acceptance alongside privileged status for LGBTQ+ identities and practices. They also call on countries to change their citizen’s basic attitudes.  

The main focus is on sexual orientation and gender identity and the YP assert that sexual identity is not defined by biology but by an internal feeling and subjective decision.

The YP consists of 29 arbitrary rights based on reinterpretation and further development of human rights; they call for the privileged status for non-heterosexual minorities at the expense of the majority’s rights and civil liberties.

In summary, they impose:

  • Acceptance of LGBTI sexual behaviour, whilst any essential moral distinction between right and wrong, good and evil is forbidden. Other human rights that stand in the way e.g. freedom of religion and conscience are considered subordinate. LGBTI rights will always take priority
  • Dissolution of binary sexual identity
  • Homosexual marriage with adoption rights: no rights for the child regarding their biological parents.
  • Privileges for LGBTI: involves creation of new legal provisions for the deregulation of sexual norms which are to be imposed on sovereign states. They are given special attention over other minority groups.

There are various methods used to implement the Yogyakarta Principles including lobbying governments and NGOs; criminalizing opposition (hate speech) and the implementation of their agenda into the school system.

The Right to Education demands that: [states shall] ensure that education methods, curricula and resources serve to enhance understanding of and respect for, inter alia, diverse sexual orientations and gender identities, including the particular needs of students, their parents and family members related to these grounds. (YP:Principle 16-D).

This asserts that school curricula and the training of caregivers and teachers must be focused on changing the mindset of children and teenagers, so that non-heterosexual behaviour becomes normalized and equal to heterosexual behavior. Children must be taught they can choose between various sexual orientations and gender identities.

The Yogyakarta Principles provide a crucial step in propagating and enshrining in law the ideologies and practices of that came to the fore in the sexual revolution. As can be seen, education in schools is one of the main methods used and it has inevitably played a key role in the development and content of compulsory sexuality education in all schools worldwide.



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